covid-19

the first U.S. death was reported on January 10, 2020. WHO declared covid-19 a pandemic on March 11, 2020. Where was the national control of the pandemic in early 2020? note: Trump was president.

virus will continue to spread unless governments take more action on issues such as isolation and surveillance.

"We're not in the situation where a new case is rapidly identified and all the contacts are traced and people are isolated who are sick and people who are exposed are quarantined and they can keep things under control, "
Dr Anne Schuchat, principal deputy dir of the CDC, in interview with The Journal of the American Medical Association, June 29, 2020

omicron, B.1.1.529, a new coronavirus variant

WHO designates the new covid strain named omicron as a 'variant of concern,' spreads 2X and with the ability of possibly evading vaccines. Scientists say the omicron variant carris a high number of mutations in its spike protein, which plays a key role in the virus' entry into cells in the body. It is also what is targeted by vaccines. Researchers are still trying to determine whether it is more transmissible or more lethal than previous strains. Several countries impose travel restrictions as new variant detected in South Africa raises global alarm. Markets fell sharply and scientists held emergency meetings to discuss the unknown risks of a new coronavirus variant. Nov 26 2021

this is a pandemic. Rich countries must share the vaccine with poor countries. How vaccines reduce transmission

SARS-CoV-2

the 2003 SARS severe acute respiratory syndrome pandemic and growing concerns about the threat posed by avian influenza led many countries to devise pandemic plans.   NCBI NLM NIH.gov National Center for Biotechnology Info, National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health

2002 SARS-CoV-1
2002-2020 Coronavirus vaccine research
2020 SARS-CoV-2 pandemic begins: covid-19
     vaccine target is identified quickly due to past research
the invention of the NIH-Moderna vaccine

Moderna and NIH scientists developed key spike-protein technology that triggers an immune response against Covid-19. Funded by the U.S. govt; NIH, with $1 billion in research aid. mRNA vaccine works through a novel mechanism.   Moderna Harvard.edu Covid-19 vaccine requires 2 shots, and a booster.

"Recognition as the vaccine's joint inventor can help the U.S. government finally responsibly steward the vaccine's use, including by helping secure access for the billions of people still awaiting a path out of the pandemic." Peter Maybarduk, Public Citizen, citizen.org.

2020 in the U.S.

"In 2020 we messed up covid19 control, failing to launch a U.S. strategy ultimately causing 350,000 deaths. By failing, we backed ourselves into a corner. Our last hope is to now vaccinate our way out of this." Prof Peter Hotez, M.D., Ph.D.

"Humanity has a long history of friendship with vaccines." - Pope Francis, Sep 2021

polio, tetanus, influenza, hepatitis, rubella, measles, mumps, chickenpox, diphtheria.

U.S. first case was same day as South Korea

U.S. first case was same day as South Korea. The government of South Korea contained the virus while the U.S. President disregarded the crisis; see Trump in /dem.

covid-19 deaths /2020 data
CountryDeaths
United States355,631
China4,634
South Korea917

Data Map Wiki nCoV2019.live   @AviSchiffmann

you have a right not to wear a mask, and a business has a right to not let you in. You are free to make a choice and accept the consequences of your actions. Screaming at businesses for protecting their workers and customers does not make you a patriot, it makes you a moron. Do not mistake a small precaution for oppression.

wear a mask

a small precaution with a profound impact.

a national mandate to wear a mask could save 100,000 lives. We've got to follow science, with a series of restrictions that we dial up or down based on the severity of the virus in a given region. This must be a nuanced approach that is universally supported.

wear a mask
wearing a mask reduces the spread, a surgical mask for general public use
masks, gloves and other medical equipment are still in short supply

(November 2020) Shocking news out of Washington: Trump's incompetence has put the U.S. in a bad situation - masks, gloves and other medical equipment are still in short supply.

we've got to follow science, with a series of restrictions that we dial up or down based on the severity of the virus in a given region. As a group, we need a nuanced approach that's universally supported.

the government must provide health care and facilities while implementing programs for testing, tracing and isolating to break the chain of infection. A national mandate to wear a mask could save 100,000 lives.

test, trace, isolate

COVID-19 is a respiratory disease caused by a new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. The new virus can spread through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.

it is possible to interrupt virus spread by wearing masks and strong social distancing measures, test for the disease, trace contacts, isolate and treat cases.

be best

consider what's best for everybody. Wear a mask, social distance, practice proper hand hygiene. Put the good of the greater society above your own personal interests.

the selfish act of breaking quarantine puts our nurses and doctors and our communities at risk. We are public health. We have to take good care of each other.

the virus is spread from person to person in close contact. through respiratory droplets produced when an infected person cough, sneezes or talks. Cloth face coverings provide a layer to help prevent the respiratory droplets from traveling in the air and onto other people.

covid-19 spreading
wearing a mask reduces the spread

Coronavirus is the virus that causes the covid-19 disease. The virus is named severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the disease is coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19).

disinfecting spray 4tsp bleach to 1qt water

we're nowhere near controlling coronavirus

"This is a pandemic," says Bill Hanage, Epidemiology prof. Harvard Univ.

Deaths by country 2020
Jan Feb Mar Apr May attributed to
South Korea 0 n 100 236 250 testing
China 1 n 100 4,632 testing
United States0 1 n 42,500 65,000 inaction

"I attribute this to inaction, we sat around and waited for it to show up. This is not the flu. This is a very serious pandemic virus."

first case in China 2019
-2019
Nov 17, first reported case from Hubei province in China, bat to animal to human.  
Dec 20, reported cases in Wuhan, China. 
-2020
Jan 10, first South Korea case. 
Jan 11, first death reported in China from an illness caused by the virus, 
which had infected dozens of people.
Jan 20, first US case was reported in Washington state. 
Feb 29, first death in US, although 2 deaths were later attributed to the virus.
Mar 11, WHO declared the rapidly spreading coronavirus outbreak a pandemic, 
acknowledging the virus will likely spread to all countries on the globe. 
PREDICT

PREDICT, a project of USAID Emerging Pandemic Threats program, was initiated in 2009 to strengthen global capacity for detection and discovery of zoonotic viruses with pandemic potential.

Bill Clinton, George Bush and Barack Obama worked to prevent pandemics, and built strategic reserves, expanded warehouses for federal emergency stockpiles, and added watchers and scientists in China to detect and monitor viruses. Since Trump is focused on killing anything that has Obama's stamp on it, Trump defunded PREDICT in Sep 2019. Sadly the first case of covid was reported in Dec 2019.